Status Quo of China and ASEAN Fruit Import and Export Markets

In recent years, with the promotion of the "China-ASEAN 10+1" model, the volume of merchandise trade between China and ASEAN has been increasing year by year. In 2018, China’s total import and export volume with ASEAN increased by 11.4%, as announced by the Ministry of Commerce in May 2019. According to the Ministry of Commerce’s Monthly Statistics Report on Import and Export Commodities: Agricultural Products, China’s agricultural exports to Asia accounted for 65.33% of China’s total agricultural exports from January to May 2019, and exports accounted for 21.20%. Among them, China’s exports to ASEAN Exports of agricultural products reached US$64,058.13 million, accounting for 32.68% of China’s total exports to Asia, while China’s imports of agricultural products to ASEAN reached US$85182.293 million, accounting for 67.36% of China’s total imports to Asia. Among the agricultural products transactions between China and ASEAN, the volume of transactions in the fruit market is particularly noticeable. In the "Monthly Report on Import and Export Commodities of the Ministry of Commerce: Agricultural Products", the major agricultural product transactions (imports) are listed as fresh and dried fruits and nuts. Thailand and Vietnam in ASEAN ranked high-quality and third respectively, with import quotas reaching 1,496.772 million US dollars and 43.931 million US dollars, accounting for 22.63% of China’s total imports of agricultural products from ASEAN. The year-on-year growth rate of China’s imports of fruit from Thailand was even greater. It reached 122.3%. Thanks to the promotion of the "China-ASEAN Expo" platform and the development of informatized cross-border e-commerce, the agricultural trade between China and ASEAN will also flourish in the future.


1. The impact of informatization development

In the past, international trade required a long time for information transmission and commodity transportation. With the advancement of technology, the high-speed transmission of information brought about by informatization has completely replaced the past manpower and power information transmission speed. Nowadays, E-Mail has become an indispensable tool for cross-border e-commerce. The use of the Internet allows sellers thousands of miles away to receive purchase information instantly, and the rapid and accurate information transmission enables the rapid development of import and export business. Nowadays, going to the site to inspect the partners-signing the contract-quickly placing an E-Mail order-cold chain transportation has become the core mode of transnational fruit trade. Fast information transmission and convenient customs clearance process allow cross-border agricultural products, especially fruits, which are goods with high transportation losses, to be quickly cleared and delivered to consumers.

2. The impact of the “Belt and Road Initiative”

In recent years, as the infrastructure construction of countries along the “Belt and Road” is gradually improving, according to the design and planning of my country’s One Belt and One Road, in the future, three high-speed railway networks will be built with Bangkok as the core and will connect Malaysia and Singapore to the south. Trans-Asian Railway Network. The eastern route connects Nanning-Hanoi-Ho Chi Minh City-Phnom Penh-Bangkok through the Vietnam Economic Corridor; the central route connects Kunming-Dali-Vientiane-Bangkok; the western route connects Kunming-Dali-Yangon-Bangkok. The construction of the Trans-Asian Railway Network will provide faster speeds for the future transportation of fruits in Southeast Asia, and the railway logistics capabilities of relevant countries will get a substantial leap. Relying on the National Development and Reform Commission’s strategic goal of building Guangxi as a major channel to the sea in southwest my country, citrus, apples and other fruits in northern China can now reach Nanning, Guangxi from Lanzhou, Gansu via Lanhai Expressway within 2 days, and then pass the Trans-Asian Railway network on the next day. On the shelves in Bangkok, Thailand. Such an efficient road network project marks a new milestone in the trade of fresh fruits.


3. The impact of "China (Guangxi) Pilot Free Trade Zone"

On August 30, 2019, the Nanning area of the China (Guangxi) Pilot Free Trade Zone was officially inaugurated. Nanning, the capital of the autonomous region, as the permanent venue of the "China-ASEAN" Expo, is in China and ASEAN. The establishment of the new pilot free trade zone will flourish in the future The China-ASEAN fruit import and export will surely bring about a new era of vigorous development. Among the impacts that the free trade zone can bring, the most important is the tax exemption policy. At the same time, the freshness of fresh agricultural products, especially fruits, has a short preservation period and large transportation losses. The reduction of customs clearance procedures has also become a major influence in determining the amount of fruit loss. factor. It is envisaged that the Guangxi Pilot Free Trade Zone will introduce a series of priority policies for the import and export of fresh agricultural products in the future, such as separation of inspection declaration, priority approval, and tax exemption for processing, which will help clear fresh transportation channels and strengthen the import and export market of agricultural products in Southeast Asia. To a very powerful driving force.


4. The shift in the focus of fruit import and export in ASEAN countries

Since the establishment of the China-ASEAN Free Trade Area in 2010, the trade volume between China and ASEAN has been growing rapidly. Take Thailand as an example. In January 2010, Thailand’s total import and export of agricultural products to China was US$21,048,000. With the establishment of the free trade zone, Thailand’s total import and export of agricultural products to China in January 2016 reached US$45,491,524 million, an increase. Reached 2165788.41% (the lack of statistics in 2014, changes in the statistical caliber after 2015). Such tremendous growth has enabled ASEAN to successfully surpass the United States in 2018 and become the second largest trading entity with China after the European Union. The total import and export volume of agricultural products from January to May 2019 surpassed the European Union to become a large agricultural product trade with China at US$14,924.106 million. ASEAN countries, especially the countries on the Indo-China Peninsula, are shifting their focus on agricultural products import and export to China. China and ASEAN still have a lot of room for cooperation and market prospects in the fruit import and export market in the future.


    5 Conclusion

China has a vast land and abundant resources, a large population base, and per capita consumption capacity is also increasing year by year. ASEAN countries are located at the intersection of tropical and subtropical, rich in fruit resources, and a good supply-demand relationship has been formed between China and ASEAN. Under the guidance of the Belt and Road Initiative, continue to deepen economic and cultural exchanges with ASEAN, and make good use of the "China-ASEAN Expo 10+1 Platform" to provide a solid guarantee for the future fruit import and export market.



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