Current Situation of China fruits Export (1)

China is a large fruit producer. Fruit exports have been on the rise in recent years, but the proportion of exports in production is still relatively low. Since the 1990s, my country's fruit production has developed rapidly. In 1998, China’s total fruit output reached 55.037 million tons, accounting for 12.7% of the world’s total output; in 2004, the total output reached 78.23 million tons, accounting for 15.73% of the world’s total output; in 2006, the country’s total fruit area exceeded 1,000 thousand hectares. It has reached 167 million tons, accounting for more than 20% of the world’s total fruit output. The annual per capita fruit production is close to 70 kg, which is almost the same as the world’s per capita share of 76 kg. China has become the world’s largest fruit producer for many years. This is not a small achievement for China, a developing country with a population of 1.3 billion. Along with the increase in production, the export of Chinese fruits has also seen a substantial increase. Its export value reached 1.647 billion US dollars in 2004, 2.83 times that of 1999. The average annual growth rate in 5 years is 36.6%. However, the proportion of my country's fruit exports to the total output is very low. In 1998, China exported 674,000 tons of fresh fruit, accounting for only 1.19% of the total fresh fruit output that year; in 1999, it exported 828,000 tons, accounting for 1.28% of the total fruit output; in 2000, it exported 898,000 tons, accounting for 1.39% of the total fresh fruit output; 2001 The annual export of 975,000 tons, accounting for 1.41% of the total fruit output; the export of 1.23 million tons in 2002, accounting for 1.71% of the total fruit output; the export of 1.616 million tons in 2003, accounting for 2.10% of the total fruit output; in 2006, the export of fruits was 370.16 10,000 tons, which is less than 3% of the total fruit output.


The above data fully confirms that "my country is a big fruit producer, but not a strong fruit trading country", indicating that my country's fruit participation in international trade is very low, and there is still a big gap between China fruit production management level and the international advanced level. In addition to many of our own constraints, the main external constraints are green trade barriers. The international community is paying more and more attention to environmental protection, and its requirements for food safety are becoming stricter and stricter, and the requirements for pesticide residues and hygiene standards in imported fruits. It gets higher and higher. In order to protect their own fruit tree production, importing countries have put forward more and more phytosanitary requirements, and their trade protectionism is obvious. At the same time, my country is a developing country, and the overall level of environmental protection is still relatively low. The food safety standards established by developed countries in terms of processing, storage and transportation have not yet been met. At the same time, pesticide residues and biohormone content have not reached the pollution-free "green" standards, which further restricts the large amount of fruit exports in my country. 2. Problems in my country's fruit export


my country is the world’s largest developing country and one of the world’s major fresh fruits producing countries. With the continuous strengthening of economic and trade relations among countries in the world, my country’s fruit exports have increased in recent years, but the growth has been slow, and there are still problems such as structural imbalances. Severely restrict the export of China fruits.


1. The fruits export structure is unreasonable. The planting proportions of the three major fruit trees in my country, apples, citrus, lemon and pears, are relatively large, and the proportion of early, middle and late-maturing varieties is unreasonable. Apples, citrus, and pears account for a large proportion of the total fruit production in my country. This is not conducive to the realization of the diversification of my country’s fruit products, and it is also not conducive to avoiding international market risks.


2. The quality of the fruit is poor and the selling price is low. At present, my country's high-quality fruits only account for 30% of the total fruit output, and only 5% of these 30% high-quality fruits are high-end green fruits, which can compete with foreign high-quality fruits on the same stage. For example, high-quality apples sell well in wholesale at 3-4 yuan/kg, while low-end apples are difficult to sell as low as 0.60-0.80 yuan/kg. The high-selling prices of imported fruits and high-quality fruits form a huge contrast with the low-quality domestic low-quality fruits. The main reason for this-contrast is that when the fruit quality is relatively surplus, improving product quality is an effective way to accelerate the healthy development of the fruit industry and increase economic benefits.


3 The output of green fruits is small and exports are restricted. Due to the uneven quality of fruits in my country, especially the hazardous substance residues of some products exceed the standards and fail to meet the requirements of importing countries, the export of fruits is subject to certain restrictions. In 2001, my country’s total fruit output accounted for 14.67% of the world’s total output. 15.01%, 15.70 in 2003; but the proportion of my country's fruit exports in the world in the same period were 7.49%, 7.34% and 8.14%. This shows that the proportion of my country's fruit exports in the world is extremely disproportionate to the proportion of my country's fruit production in the world. One of the reasons is that the output of green fruits in my country is too small, and the export of other fruits is restricted.


4 The export volume is small. The export market is too concentrated. my country is a big fruit producer in the world, and its total output ranks first in the world, accounting for about 20% of the world's total fruit output. However, my country's fruit export volume is very small, and the export ratio is much lower than that of developed countries. Judging from the world’s major fruit export varieties of citrus and apples, China’s citrus output accounts for about 10% of the world’s total output, but exports only account for 2%, which is much lower than the major exporters of Spain, Brazil and the United States. The output of apples accounts for about 35% of the world’s total output. In recent years, although the export of grass and fruit has increased significantly, the export has only accounted for about 6%. Compared with the major exporting countries such as France, the United States and Italy, there is still a considerable amount. difference. In 2003, my country’s total fruit production reached 76.893 million tons, but only 1.616 million tons were exported, accounting for 2.10% of the total output; in 2006, the export of fruits was 3.7016 million tons,


It is less than 3% of the fruit output, which fully shows that although my country is a big fruit producer, it is far from a strong fruit trader.


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my country’s fruit export markets are mainly concentrated in Japan, the United States, ASEAN, Russia, my country’s Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and European markets such as the Netherlands and Germany. For example, from January to November 2003, my country’s fruit exports amounted to 1.182 billion yuan. It is expected to export 264 million US dollars to Japan, 213 million US dollars to ASEAN, 211 million US dollars to the United States, and 86 million US dollars to Germany. Exports were US$77 million, US$58 million to the Netherlands, and US$51 million to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The above-mentioned countries and regions account for more than 80% of my country's total fruit export value. Due to the excessive concentration of export areas, when the economic and trade policies of the main export markets change, my country's fruit exports will subsequently have obvious fluctuations.


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